Pyrrhura Breeders Association
Maroon Bellied Conures
Normal Maroon-bellied Pair
Normal Maroon-belly underside
- There are three recognized subspecies of the Maroon-bellied Conure:
P.f.frontalis, P.f.chiripepe, and P.f.devillei. It is possible that the
maroon-bellied conure here in the Unites States has become a blend of the
group of races. Many people are not aware of the different sub species and
have mixed them together in breeding.
- The Maroon-bellied originates from southeastern Brazil, northeastern
Argentina, Uruguay, and eastern Paraguay.
- Maroon-bellies make active, mischievous and feisty companions. Being
a common Pyrrhura they are very available in the pet trade. They are a small
bird with a "big bird complex" and will take on any other creature no matter
what the size. They are curious about anything and will be the first bird to
check out new toys.
- These birds breed readily available and make an ideal species for the
beginning breeder. Clutch size can be large, from seven to nine eggs, and
with a high fertility rate. Incubation usually lasts from 26 to 28 days.
- Length: 10 1/4 inches ( 26 cm)
- Weight: 3.2 oz. (91 grams)
Normal Green-cheek Pair
Cinnamon Green-cheek pair,
- Green-cheeks have an dark green body and wings with royal blue
feathers at the end of their wings, and a maroon tail on both sides.
Their head is dark gray and their throats are gray. Of course they
have green cheek patches. They are remarkably quiet for a Conure.
- Green-cheeks are really great little birds. They are absolutely
fearless and will try anything. They take to water like ducks almost
submerging if given a large enough bath bowl. They are very playful
and outgoing. While charming as pets their continual play can be tough
on other birds. Green-cheeks can talk a little, a very few talk quite well.
- I highly recommend these little birds. They are excellent as a
first pair. They interact with each other while continuing to play
with you. Some green-cheeks can get 'nippy'. It seems more like rough
play than a real attempt to bite. Like suns they prefer to sleep in
the nest box and youngsters will sleep on their backs.
- The size of a cockatiel. I have had cockatiels raise abandoned green-cheek eggs.
- Length is just under 10" (25 cm).
- Weight is 2.5-3 ounces 68 to 84 grams
Pyrrhura picta picta
Painted hen in nest box
- There are nine sub species of the Pyrrhura Picta. The Painted Conure
originates from Venezuela, Bolivar, Guyana, Surinam, and Brazil. In the US
this is an uncommon bird that is raised mostly by aviculturists for future
breeding stock. Due to being uncommon only a few birds are placed into the
pet market. They have excellent pet qualities and have personalities
similar to the green-cheeked Conure. Hopefully, only males will be
sold as pets, as fewer females are produced. With a limited gene pool, all
females should be placed in a breeding program when they sexually mature.
- These birds are more difficult to breed than some of the more common
Pyrrhuras. I do not recommend them for first time breeders. They lay large
clutches usually with five to seven eggs. Incubation usually begins with the
second or third egg and lasts approximately 23 to 24 days. A baby Painted
weighs two or three grams at hatching.
- Plans are being made by the Pyrrhura Breeders Association to start a stud book. Please
contact Judi Robben for more information.
- Length: 8 2/3 inches (22 cm)
- Weight: 2.5 oz. ( 50-75 grams)
Black Capped Conures
Don Harris' Blackcaps
Black-capped Conure pair by Judi Robben
- There are two subspecies of the Black-capped Conures: P.rupicola.rupicola and
More research is needed to determine whether or not both subspecies should be
combined into one species.
- The Black-capped Conures originates from Peru, northwestern Brazil and
Bolivia. The rupicola is said to come only from central Peru.
Less commonly bred in the United States, these birds originated from a very
imported group. The Black-capped Conures clutch size is four to seven eggs
that hatch in
approximately 23 to 24 days.
- Length: 9 1/4 inches ( 23 cm)
- Weight: 2 1/2 oz. ( 55-70 grams)
- There are four subspecies of the Pearly Conure: Pyrrhura perlata perlata (or
P. p. rhodogaster), P. p. lepida, P.p.coerulescens and P. p.anerhthra. The P. p. perlata is more commonly
known as the Crimson bellied conure. In the U.S. the Pearly is most likely represented in
the form of P. p.lepida.
- These birds are very rare in aviculture and we are experiencing
difficulty in breeding and maintaining the population due to a very small original genetic
pool. It is highly recommended that surgical sexing be done on these birds due to the
problem of polycystic ovary disease which makes some birds sterile. New Stock
has been brought into the US in the past few years, so this species is doing
much better with the new genetic pool that has been added.
- The Pearly Conure originates from rain forests in Brazil. They prefer the tops of trees
and are rarely found in the medium or lower forest layers.
- Difficult to breed, these birds lay four to six eggs that are incubated for 24 to 26 days.
The challenge for breeders of these birds, is finding unrelated stock. There has been
much inbreeding of the Pearly Conures. A fact that is now exhibited in lack of fertility
and other problems associated with inbreeding. Owners should feel obligated to place all
birds into a breeding situation.
- Length: 9 1/2 inches (24 cm)
- Weight: 2.8 oz. (79 grams)
Pyrrhura melanura souancei
Souance Conure by Judi Robben
- There are five subspecies of the Pyrrhura melanura. One of these is the Souance Conure
also know as the maroon-tailed Conure. Another uncommon Pyrrhura, it is difficult to
find in today's aviculture. This is the only subspecies that is established in the U.S. Only
small numbers were imported.
- The Souance Conure originates from Columbia, eastern Ecuador and northern Peru. It
inhabits the trees of the tropical rain forest.
- The Souance Conure typically lays from 4 to 7 eggs. Some pairs can be very prolific.
Incubation period is approximately 24 to 26 days.
- Length: 9 1/2 inches (24 cm)
- Weight: 2.8 oz. (60 to85 grams)
White Eared Conures
Pyrrhura leucotis emma / Pyrrhura leucotis griseipectus
White-eared Conure (P. l. griseipectus)
- The White-Eared Conure consists of five sub species. Not all sub species are
represented in the US. It has been imported into Europe since 1871 where the
birds breed regularly in aviaries there. In the US they are considered to be
one of the less common Pyrrhura conures with varied breeding success.
- The White-eared Conures originate from Brazil and Venezuela. They inhabit
the forests of the tropical and subtropical zone. Their average clutch size
is usually 4 to 8 eggs with an incubation of about 20 to 23 days.
- Length: 8 1/3 to 8 2/3 inches (21 to 22 cm)
- Weight: 2.3 to 2.5 oz. ( 50 to 65 grams)
Pyrrhura picta roseifrons
- The Rose-fronted Conure is one of the nine sub species of the Painted Conure.
It is now available in the US because two breeding consortiums have imported
these Conures in the past few years. The first breeding of this sub
species is being considered for an AFA Avy Award. Richard Cusick of CA,
has submitted information to AFA to be considered for the first breeding in
the US. The award may be presented at the upcoming AFA convention in
Tampa, FL in August of 2002
- The Rose-fronted Conure originates from the river regions of the state of
Amazonas in northwest Brazil and probably also from eastern Peru. They are
similar to the P.p lucianii another sub species of the painted Conure.
The red feathers on the head extends from the cheeks, forehead and back to
the nape. The red coloring increases with maturity. Young Rose-headed Conures will have more red on the head that a mature
lucianii. The first
captive breeding was probably done in 1908 in Sao Paulo. The clutch size is
usually four to six eggs, most of which are fertile and are incubated 23 to
- Length : 8 2/3 inches ( 22 cm)
- Weight: 2 Â½ oz. ( 60to 80 grams)
Crimson Bellied Conures
Pyrrhura perlata rhodogaster or Pyrrhura perlata perlata
- The Crimson-bellied originates from a small area in Northern Brazil between
two tributaries of the Amazon River and also in the Mato Grasso region.
- This species has been commonly bred outside the US. The first breeding
consortium here in the US was started in 1998 by Rick Jordan. Mr. Jordan received
and AFA Avy Award for the first breeding of this species at the AFA convention
in Houston, TX in 2001. They breed regularly in
four to six eggs that hatch at approximately 24 to 26 days.
- Length: 9 12 inches (24 cm)
- Weight: 2.8 ounces (70 to 85 grams)
- The Hoffman's originate from southern Costa Rica and Western Panama. The
only birds in the U.S. belong to a breeding consortium owned and managed by
- There are two recognized sub species Pyrrhura hoffmanni hoffmanni and
Pyrrhura hoffmanni gaudens. They are very similar except that the gaudens
has a more pronounced yellow on the head, which will shade to a orange on
the crown and to a red on the back of the nape.
- Length: 9 1/2 inches (24 cm)
- Weight 2.8 oz. (70 to 85 grams)